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wvdsp.cc

/*
 * Worldvisions Weaver Software:
 *   Copyright (C) 1997-2002 Net Integration Technologies, Inc.
 *
 * One more attempt at making a decent stream for Linux /dev/dsp.
 * See wvdsp.h.
 * 
 * "See all that stuff in there, Homer?  I guess that's why _your_ robot
 * never worked!"
 */
#include "wvdsp.h"
#include "wvfork.h"
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/soundcard.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sched.h>
#include <time.h>

#define DO_RATEADJ 0

static const char *AUDIO_DEVICE = "/dev/dsp";

static int msec_lat(int frags, int frag_bits, int srate)
{
    return frags * (1<<frag_bits) * 1000 / srate;
}

00028 WvDsp::WvDsp(int msec_latency, int srate, int bits, bool stereo,
           bool readable, bool writable, bool _realtime, bool _oss)
    : log("DSP", WvLog::Debug2), rcircle(102400), wcircle(102400),
       inrate(bits/8 * (stereo ? 2 : 1), srate, srate), 
      outrate(bits/8 * (stereo ? 2 : 1), srate, srate)
{
    is_realtime = _realtime;

    int mode = 0;
    
    outrate.orate_n = srate;
   
    assert(msec_latency >= 0);
    assert(srate >= 8000);
    assert(srate <= 48000);
    assert(bits == 8 || bits == 16);
    assert(readable || writable);
    
#if DO_RATEADJ
    // the record clock should be the same as the playback clock, so it's
    // best to match our output rate to the input rate.  Of course, we can
    // only do this if we'll be inputting anything.
    if (readable)
      outrate.match_rate = &inrate;
#endif
    
    if (readable && writable)
      mode = O_RDWR;
    else if (readable)
      mode = O_RDONLY;
    else if (writable)
      mode = O_WRONLY;

    // we do O_NONBLOCK in case someone is currently using the dsp
    // device and the particular one we're using can't be shared.
    if ((fd = open(AUDIO_DEVICE, mode | O_NONBLOCK)) < 0)
    {
      seterr(errno);
      return;
    }
    
    // now get rid of O_NONBLOCK, so write() and read() on our fd don't return
    // until we get our data.  Since select() doesn't work anyway with some
    // drivers, we'll have to cheat.
    fcntl(fd, F_SETFL, mode);
    
    // set the fragment size appropriately for the desired latency
    num_frags = 5;
    int frag_size_bits = 7; // log2 of fragment size
    int lat;
    if (msec_latency > 1000)
      msec_latency = 1000; // don't be _too_ ridiculous...
    while (msec_latency > (lat = msec_lat(num_frags, frag_size_bits, srate)))
    {
      if (frag_size_bits < 14 && msec_latency >= 2*lat)
          frag_size_bits++;
      else
          num_frags++;
    }
    
    log(WvLog::Debug, "With %s %s-bit frags, latency will be about %s ms.\n",
                      num_frags, frag_size_bits, lat);
    
    frag_size = (1 << frag_size_bits);
    if (!setioctl(SNDCTL_DSP_SETFRAGMENT, (num_frags << 16) | frag_size_bits))
      seterr("can't set frag size!");
    
    if (bits == 16)
    {
      if (!setioctl(SNDCTL_DSP_SETFMT, AFMT_S16_NE))
          seterr("can't set sample size!");
    }
    else if (bits == 8)
    {
      if (!setioctl(SNDCTL_DSP_SETFMT, AFMT_S8))
          seterr("can't set sample size!");
    }
      
    if (!setioctl(SNDCTL_DSP_CHANNELS, stereo ? 2 : 1))
      seterr("can't set number of channels!");
    
    if (!setioctl(SNDCTL_DSP_SPEED, srate))
      seterr("can't set sampling rate!");

    // in fact, the OSS docs say we're not allowed to have separate processes
    // doing reads and writes at the same time.  Unfortunately, ALSA seems
    // to _need_ that for decent real-time performance.  But you can toggle
    // it here :)
    if (_oss)
    {
      // start the read/writer process
      subproc(readable, writable);
    }
    else
    {
      // start the reader process
      if (readable) subproc(true, false);
      
      // start the writer process
      if (writable) subproc(false, true);
    }

    rloop.nowrite();
    wloop.noread();
    realtime(); // actually necessary, but a bit dangerous...
}


WvDsp::~WvDsp()
{
    close();
}


00142 bool WvDsp::pre_select(SelectInfo &si)
{
    bool ret = false;

/*
    size_t rleft = rcircle.used(), wleft = wcircle.used();

    if (rleft > 2*frag_size)
      log("read circle is filling! (%s = %s)\n", rleft, rleft/frag_size);
    if (wleft > 3*frag_size)
      log("write circle is filling! (%s = %s; %s)\n", 
          wleft, wleft/frag_size, ospace());
*/

    if (si.wants.readable)
    {
      rloop.drain();
      if (rcircle.used())
          return true;
      else
          ret |= rloop.pre_select(si);
    }
    
    if (si.wants.writable)
      return true;
    
    return ret;
}


00172 bool WvDsp::post_select(SelectInfo &si)
{
    bool ret = false;
    
    if (si.wants.readable)
    {
      if (rcircle.used())
          return true;
      else
          ret |= rloop.post_select(si);
    }
    
    return ret;
}


00188 size_t WvDsp::uread(void *buf, size_t len)
{
    if (len == 0)
        return 0;
    size_t avail = rcircle.used();
    
    // transfer from the magic circle into our rbuf, using the rate adjuster.
    {
      WvDynBuf silly;
      void *data = silly.alloc(avail);
      size_t got = rcircle.get(data, avail);
      silly.unalloc(avail - got);
#if DO_RATEADJ
      inrate.encode(silly, rbuf);
#else
      rbuf.merge(silly);
#endif      
    }
    
    avail = rbuf.used();
    if (avail < len)
      len = avail;
    
    rbuf.move(buf, len);
    return len;
}


00216 size_t WvDsp::uwrite(const void *buf, size_t len)
{
    static time_t last_dump;
    
    if (len == 0)
        return 0;
    
    if (last_dump < time(NULL) - 1)
    {
      log(WvLog::Debug, "writer rates: %s/%s; reader rates: %s/%s\n",
          outrate.getirate(), outrate.getorate(),
          inrate.getirate(), inrate.getorate());
      last_dump = time(NULL);
    }
   
#if DO_RATEADJ
    outrate.flushmembuf(buf, len, wbuf);
#else
    wbuf.put(buf, len);
#endif
    
    size_t howmuch = wcircle.left();
    
    if (howmuch > wbuf.used())
      howmuch = wbuf.used();
    
    buf = wbuf.get(howmuch);
    wcircle.put(buf, howmuch);
    wloop.write("", 1);
    
    return len; // never let WvStreams buffer anything
}


00250 bool WvDsp::isok() const
{
    return (fd >= 0);
}


00256 void WvDsp::close()
{
    if (fd >= 0)
	::close(fd);
    fd = -1;

    // this should wake up the subprocess(es) and ask them to die.
    rloop.close();
    wloop.close();
}


bool WvDsp::setioctl(int ctl, int param)
{
    return ioctl(fd, ctl, &param) >= 0;
}


// set realtime scheduling priority
void WvDsp::realtime()
{
    if (is_realtime)
    {
        struct sched_param sch;
        memset(&sch, 0, sizeof(sch));
        sch.sched_priority = 1;
        if (sched_setscheduler(getpid(), SCHED_FIFO, &sch) < 0)
            seterr("can't set scheduler priority!");
    }
}


void WvDsp::subproc(bool reading, bool writing)
{
    intTable fds(4);
    fds.add(new int(rloop.getrfd()), true);
    fds.add(new int(rloop.getwfd()), true);
    fds.add(new int(wloop.getrfd()), true);
    fds.add(new int(wloop.getwfd()), true);
    
    pid_t pid = wvfork(fds);
    if (pid < 0)
    {
      seterr(errno);
      return;
    }
    else if (pid > 0) // parent
      return;

    // otherwise, this is the child

    char buf[10240];
 
    realtime();
 
    rloop.noread();
    wloop.nowrite();
 
    if (!reading)
      rloop.close();
    if (!writing)
      wloop.close();
 
    while (isok() && (rloop.isok() || wloop.isok()))
    {
      if (reading)
      {
          size_t len = do_uread(buf, sizeof(buf));
          if (len)
          {
            rcircle.put(buf, len);
            rloop.write("", 1);
          }
      }

      if (writing)
      {
            wloop.drain();
            size_t avail;
            while ((avail = wcircle.used()) >= frag_size)
            {
                if (avail > frag_size)
                    avail = frag_size;
                size_t len = wcircle.get(buf, avail);
                do_uwrite(buf, len);
          }
            if (!reading)
                wloop.select(-1);
      }
    }

    _exit(0);
}


size_t WvDsp::ispace()
{
    audio_buf_info info;
    
    if (ioctl(fd, SNDCTL_DSP_GETISPACE, &info) < 0)
    {
      log(WvLog::Error, "error in GETISPACE\n");
      return 0;
    }
    
    return info.fragments;
}


size_t WvDsp::ospace()
{
    audio_buf_info info;
    
    if (ioctl(fd, SNDCTL_DSP_GETOSPACE, &info) < 0)
    {
      log(WvLog::Error, "error in GETOSPACE\n");
      return 0;
    }
    
    return num_frags - info.fragments;
}


size_t WvDsp::do_uread(void *buf, size_t len)
{
    if (!len) return 0;

    if (len < frag_size)
        log(WvLog::Warning, "reading less than frag size: %s/%s\n", len, frag_size);

    size_t i, i2;
    
    if (len > frag_size)
      len = frag_size;
    
    if ((i = ispace()) > 1)
    {
        if (i > num_frags * 2)
        {
            log("resetting: frag count is broken! (%s)\n", i);
            ioctl(fd, SNDCTL_DSP_RESET, NULL);
        }
        else
        {
            i2 = i;
            while (i2-- > 1)
            {
                char buf2[frag_size];
                ::read(fd, buf2, frag_size);
            }
            //log("inbuf is filling up! (%s waiting)\n", i);
        }
    }
    
    // note: ALSA drivers sometimes read zero bytes even with stuff in the
    // buffer (sigh).  So that's not EOF in this case.
    int ret = ::read(fd, buf, len);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
      if (errno != EAGAIN)
          seterr(errno);
      return 0;
    }

    if (ret && ret < (int)len && ret < (int)frag_size)
      log("inbuf underflow (%s/%s)!\n", ret, len);

    return ret;
}


size_t WvDsp::do_uwrite(const void *buf, size_t len)
{
    if (!len) return 0;
    
    if (len < frag_size)
        log(WvLog::Warning, "writing less than frag size: %s/%s\n",
          len, frag_size);
    
    int o = ospace(), o2;
    
    if (o < 2)
    {
      o2 = o;
      while (o2++ < 2)
      {
          char buf2[frag_size];
          memset(buf2, 0, sizeof(buf2));
	    ::write(fd, buf2, frag_size);
      }
      //log("outbuf is almost empty! (%s waiting)\n", o);
    }

    if (o >= (int)num_frags-1)
    {
      //log("outbuf overflowing (%s): skipping write.\n", o);
      return len;
    }
    
    size_t ret = ::write(fd, buf, len);
    if (ret < 0)
    {
        log("Error: %s\n", errno);
      if (errno != EAGAIN)
          seterr(errno);
      return len; // avoid using WvStreams buffer
    }

/*
    if (ret < len)
      log("outbuf overflow (%s/%s)!\n", ret, len);
*/

    return len; // avoid using WvStreams buffer
}



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